CTCF/cohesin-binding sites are frequently mutated in cancer

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001003010 Other

Study Description

Cohesin is present in almost all active enhancer regions, where it is associated with transcription factors. Cohesin frequently colocalizes with CTCF (CCCTC-binding factor), affecting genomic stability, expression and epigenetic homeostasis. Cohesin subunits are mutated in cancer, but CTCF/cohesin-binding sites (CBSs) in DNA have not been examined for mutations. Here we report frequent mutations at CBSs in cancers displaying a mutational signature where mutations in A•T base pairs predominate. Integration of whole-genome sequencing data from 213 colorectal cancer (CRC) samples and chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-exo) data identified frequent point mutations at CBSs. In contrast, CRCs showing an ultramutator phenotype caused by defects in the exonuclease domain of DNA polymerase ɛ (POLE) displayed significantly fewer mutations at and adjacent to CBSs. Analysis of public data showed that multiple cancer types accumulate CBS mutations. CBSs are a major mutational hotspot in the noncoding cancer genome.

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Somatic mutations of 256 whole-genome sequenced colorectal tumors. 234 MSS, 19 MSI and 3 POLE mutants. See Katainen R. et al. CTCF/cohesin-binding sites are frequently mutated in cancer, Nature Genetics 2015. doi:10.1038/ng.3335

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