The evolutionary landscape of colorectal tumorigenesis

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001003066 Other

Study Description

The genetic events that cause colorectal adenomas to progress to carcinomas remain largely undetermined. Using multi-region genome/exome sequencing of 24 benign and malignant colorectal tumours, we probe the evolutionary fitness landscape occupied by these neoplasms. Unlike carcinomas, advanced adenomas frequently harbour sub-clonal driver mutations, hence lack selective sweeps, and have relatively high genetic heterogeneity. Carcinomas are distinguished from adenomas not by nucleotide-level mutations (drivers or burden), but by widespread aneusomies that are usually clonal and often accrue in a “punctuated” fashion. Adenomas evolve across an undulating fitness landscape, whereas carcinomas occupy a sharper fitness peak, probably owing to stabilising selection.

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Dataset of adenoma and colon cancer multi-region sequencing. Publication: Nat Ecol Evol. 2018 Oct;2(10):1661-1672. doi: 10.1038/s41559-018-0642-z. Epub 2018 Aug 31.
Illumina HiSeq 2500,unspecified 139

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