Exome sequencing in bipolar disorder families
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Bipolar disorder (BD) is a major psychiatric disorder affecting around 1% of the global population. BD is characterized by recurrent manic and depressive episodes, and has an estimated heritability of around 70% Research has identified the first BD susceptibility genes. However, the underlying pathways and regulatory networks remain largely unknown. Since research has shown that the cumulative impact of common alleles with small effect appears to explain only around 25-38% of the phenotypic variance for BD, rare variants of high penetrance may also contribute to BD risk. The present study investigated the role of rare, nonsynonymous, and potentially functional variants via whole exome sequencing in 15 BD cases from two large, multiply affected families from Cuba. The high prevalence of BD in these pedigrees renders them promising in terms of the identification of genetic risk variants with large effect sizes. In addition, SNP array data were used to calculate polygenic risk scores for affected and unaffected family members. After correction for multiple testing, polygenic risk ... (Show More)
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In the present study two large, multiply affected bipolar disorder families from Cuba were investigated using whole exome sequencing (Illumina HiSeq2500 v4). The variant calling files (VCFs) of 15 individuals provided here were generated using the Varbank exome pipeline from the Cologne Center for Genomics (CCG, https://varbank.ccg.uni-koeln.de).
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