Whole transcriptome RNA sequencing as comprehensive diagnostic tool for acute myeloid leukemia.

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001003096 Other

Study Description

BackgroundAcute myeloid leukemia (AML) is characterized by uncontrolled proliferation of malignant hematopoietic cells in the bone marrow that are arrested in differentiation. In AML pathogenesis, hematopoietic progenitor cells acquire multiple genetic aberrations often occurring in the same set of genes that ultimately lead to malignant transformation. In the WHO classification 2016, six AML classes with different prognosis are identified by chromosomal translocations measured by standard cytogenetics. All balanced translocations produce fusion genes, except for t(3;3)/inv(3;3), which lead to overexpression of MECOM/EVI1 associated with poor prognosis. For accurate risk assessment of cytogenetically normal AML, four genes need to be screened to distinguish AML with mutated NPM1 in the absence of FLT3 mutations and AML with bi-allelic CEBPA mutations, which have a favorable prognosis, and AML with RUNX1 mutations which have a poor prognosis. Recently, a full genomic classification system has been proposed by Papaemmanuil et al. (NEJM 2016). In this system, the same six classes with ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
One hundred cryopreserved bone marrow and peripheral blood samples from patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with 10-90% blasts were selected from the biobank of the Department of Hematology of Leiden University Medical Center (LUMC). The AML cases cover all subtypes, and specifically include known subtype-defining balanced chromosomal translocations according to the WHO classification. The samples were obtained from 96 patients and include three pairs of de novo and relapsed AML and one ... (Show More)
Illumina HiSeq 2500 100

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