Study of the rare and low frequency variants in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean population

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001003103 Other

Study Description

The Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean (SLSJ) region is located in northeastern Quebec and is known for its unique demographic history and founder effect. Since founder populations are enriched with population-specific variants, we characterized the variants distribution in SLSJ and compared it with four European populations (Finnish, Sweden, United Kingdom and France), of which the Finnish population is another founder population. Targeted sequencing of the coding and non-coding immune regulatory regions of the SLSJ asthma familial cohort and the four European populations were performed. Rare and low-frequency coding and noncoding regulatory variants identified in the SLSJ population were then investigated for variant- and gene-level associations with asthma and allergy related-traits (eosinophil percentage, immunoglobulin (Ig)E levels and lung function). Our data showed that (1) rare or deleterious variants were not enriched in the two founder populations as compared to the three non-founder European populations; (2) a larger proportion of founder population-specific variants occurred ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 3 datasets.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Samples from 149 trios from the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean asthma familial cohort were all sequenced using a custom capture panel developed by our group, followed by next-generation sequencing. This custom capture panel covers around 3% of the genome, including coding and non-coding immune regulatory regions. We inferred the sequence in the non-sequenced siblings who were part of the same families as the trios and we imputed the sequence using IMPUTE2 in the whole cohort.
This dataset includes raw data (.idat) for the Illumina Human450k beadchip and methylation levels (.txt files). Methylation level were treated for normalization and background substraction. We removed probes with at least one of the following characteristics: (1) weak signal (p > 0.01) (2128 CpG sites), (2) SNP-enriched sites (4100 sites), (3) out of a CpG context (not on a CG) (3149 sites), or (4) located on sex chromosomes (11,129 sites). A total of 465,071 CpG sites were ... (Show More)
Illumina 450K 167
Illumina 450K 24

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