Low frequency and rare coding variation contributes to multiple sclerosis risk

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001003195 Other

Study Description

Multiple sclerosis is a common, complex neurological disease, where almost 20% of risk heritability can be attributed to common genetic variants, including >230 identified by genome-wide association studies. Multiple strands of evidence suggest that the majority of the remaining heritability is also due to the additive effects of individual variants, rather than epistatic interactions between these variants, or mutations exclusive to individual families. Here, we show in 68,379 cases and controls that as much as 5% of this heritability is explained by low-frequency variation in gene coding sequence. We identify four novel genes driving MS risk independently of common variant signals, which highlight a key role for regulatory T cell homeostasis and regulation, IFNγ biology and NFκB signaling in MS pathogenesis.

Study Datasets 6 datasets.

Click on a Dataset ID in the table below to learn more, and to find out who to contact about access to these data

Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Cases and controls from UK and Australia
Illumina 26067
Finnish cases and controls
Illumina 2257
Greek cases and controls
Illumina 195
Belgian cases and controls
Illumina 896
French cases and controls
Illumina 624
Cases and controls from USA
Illumina 13632

Who archives the data?