Exploiting evolutionary steering in cancer therapy

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001003200 Other

Study Description

Drug resistance, mediated by intra-tumour heterogeneity and clonal evolution, is arguably the biggest problem in cancer therapy today. However, evolving resistance to one drug may come at the cost of increased sensitivity to another due to so-called evolutionary trade-offs. This weakness can be exploited in the clinic using an approach called ‘evolutionary herding’ that aims at controlling the tumour cell population to delay or prevent resistance. However, model systems able to recapitulate cancer evolution experimentally are lacking and current in vitro techniques based on small populations, re-plating and escalating dose, are unsuitable to develop evolutionary herding strategies. We present a novel methodology for evolutionary herding in vitro and ex vivo using patient-derived organoids. Our approach is based on a combination of single-cell barcoding, very large populations of 108-109 cells grown without re-plating, realistic high drug doses, time-course monitoring of cancer clones, and mathematical modelling of tumour evolutionary dynamics. We demonstrate evolutionary herding ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
This dataset contains 9 bam files of exome sequencing for an experiment of evolved resistance. Here a barcoded cell line (HCC827 - POT) has been treated under high concentrations of gefitinib (GEF) and trametinib (TRM) until resistance has evolved, as well as under control conditions (DMSO). The dataset contains exome sequencing of confluent cells for three replicates for each anti-cancer drug as well as two replicates of growth under DMSO conditions. The original barcoded cell line (POT) was ... (Show More)
Illumina NovaSeq 6000 9

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