1 Intratumoral genetic heterogeneity and clonal evolution following neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) in locally advanced rectal tumors.

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001003250 Other

Study Description

Purpose: Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) is the standard treatment forpatients with locally advanced rectal cancer. However, little is known about the effect of nCRT in the mutational landscape and intratumoral genetic heterogeneity (ITGH) of rectal tumors. Moreover, response to nCRT vary substantially among patients and the genetic determinants of treatment response are not fully understood. Here, we sought to determine the impact of nCRT in the mutational landscape and ITGH of rectal tumors and to identify putative drivers of therapeutic resistance. Patients and Methods: We analyzed whole-exome sequencing (WES) and clinical data from 79 primary non-treated rectal cancers obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). We also compared the mutational landscape of a matched set of peripheral blood cells, irradiated tumor-adjacent colonic mucosa and pre and post-treatment tumor samples to determine the iatrogenic effects of nCRT and its impact ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Fastq files from exome sequencing of paired normal/tumor (pre and post-nCRT) samples from 7 patients with rectal tumors. All samples were sequenced on a 5500xl SOLiD sequencing platform (Thermo Fisher Scientific).
AB 5500xl Genetic Analyzer 22

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