Whole genome sequencing of Ewings Sarcoma

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001003385 Other

Study Description

Sarcomas are cancers of the bone and soft tissue often defined by their gene fusions. However, the timing, context, and processes by which these pathogenic fusions arise are unknown. We explored this in Ewing sarcoma, a cancer driven by EWSR1-ETS fusions, with very few cooperating mutations. Combining whole-genome sequencing with enhanced informatics, we found that the EWSR1-ETS fusion arose from striking rearrangement clusters in 42% of cases (52/124). Notably, these were organized in loops that universally contained the fusion at their center, while also weaving up to 18 genes together with it. We found the same pattern of rearrangements in three additional types of sarcoma. From these data, we define a new signature for sarcoma fusions that precedes other somatic changes, in the earliest replicating DNA of the genome. This dramatic, sudden process impinges on many genes – generating multiple coding changes that profoundly affect the transcriptome, with the disease-defining gene fusion at its core. These rearrangement loops emerge in an early ES clone from which both the primary ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
54 WGS Ewing's sarcoma samples sequenced at The Hospital for Sick Children Toronto (Adam Shlien's lab) and published on Science 2018. Reference Anderson et al. "Rearrangement bursts generate canonical gene fusions in bone and soft tissue tumors"
Illumina HiSeq 2500 54

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