SHANK2 mutations associated with Autism Spectrum Disorder cause hyperconnectivity of human neurons

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001003436 Other

Study Description

Heterozygous loss-of-function mutations in the synaptic scaffolding gene SHANK2 are strongly associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). To investigate their effect on synaptic connectivity, we generated cortical neurons from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) derived from neurotypic and ASD-affected donors. We developed Sparse coculture for Connectivity (SparCon) assays where SHANK2 and control neurons were differentially labeled and sparsely seeded together on a lawn of unlabeled control neurons. We observed striking increases in dendrite length, dendrite complexity, total synapse number, and frequency of spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents. These findings were phenocopied in gene-edited homozygous SHANK2 knockout cells and rescued by gene correction of an ASD SHANK2 muation, supporting a role for SHANK2 as a regulator of connectivity in developing human neurons. Dendrite length increases were exacerbated by IGF1, TG003, or BDNF, and suppressed by DHPG treatment. The transcriptome in these isogenic SHANK2 neurons was deeply perturbed in synapse, plasticity, and ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Whole genome sequncing data of original/SHANK2 modified/SHANK2 knockout. Note that the SHANK2 knockout sample is a different sample from 1_0441_003. Please refer to other paper for the data.

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