Exome sequencing of synchronous colorectal cancers

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001003474 Other

Study Description

Approximately 4% of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients have at least two simultaneous cancers in the colon. Due to the shared environment, these synchronous CRCs (SCRCs) provide a unique setting to study colorectal carcinogenesis. Understanding whether these tumors are genetically similar or distinct is essential when designing therapeutic approaches. We performed exome sequencing of 47 primary cancers and corresponding normal samples from 23 patients. Additionally, we carried out a comprehensive mutational signature analysis to assess whether tumors had undergone similar mutational processes and the first immune cell score analysis (IS) of SCRC to analyze the interplay between immune cell invasion and mutation profile in both lesions of an individual. The tumor pairs shared only few mutations, favoring different mutations in known CRC genes and signaling pathways, and displayed variation in their signature content. Two tumor pairs had discordant mismatch repair statuses. In majority of the pairs, IS varied between primaries. Differences were not explained by any clinicopathological ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
The data consists of 47 exome-sequenced synchronous colorectal cancers from 23 patients. The exomes of corresponding normal samples were used to remove germline variants. All patients are Finnish (white Caucasian). All except one patient (sync_11 who belongs to a LS family) were assumed sporadic. The sequence data was produced with Illumina HiSeq 4000.

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