Pervasive H3K27 acetylation and ERV expression in H3.3K27M gliomas present a therapeutic vulnerability

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001003572 Other

Study Description

High-grade gliomas (HGG) defined by histone 3 K27M driver mutations exhibit global loss of H3K27 trimethylation and reciprocal gain of H3K27 acetylation, respectively shaping repressive and active chromatin landscapes. We generated tumor-derived isogenic models bearing this mutation and show that it leads to pervasive H3K27ac deposition across the genome. In turn, active enhancers and promoters are not created de novo and instead reflect the epigenomic landscape of the cell of origin. H3K27ac is enriched at repeat elements, resulting in their increased expression, which in turn can be further amplified by DNA demethylation and histone deacetylase inhibitors providing an exquisite therapeutic vulnerability. These agents may therefore modulate anti-tumor immune responses as a therapeutic modality for this untreatable disease.

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
We sequenced a total of 2 H3.3K27WT (pcGBM2, G477; 3 replicates total) and 2 H3.3K27M (DIPGVI, DIPGXIII; 6 replicates total) patient-derived cell lines as well as Crispr/Cas9 H3.3K27M-KO clones for one of the cell lines (3 replicates total; DIPGXIII-KO) using ATAC-Seq. P-XX designates passages of replicates. These samples can be found at GEO under accession number GSE128744. This repository contains 1 replicate of G477 to be released under controlled access.
Illumina HiSeq 2000 1

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