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5- FU treated organoids

5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is a chemotherapeutic drug component that is commonly used for the treatment of solid cancers. The anticancer properties of 5-FU have been attributed to interference with nucleotide synthesis and through direct incorporation into the DNA as being a pyrimidine analog. As both mechanisms of action may have a mutational impact on surviving tumor cells, we performed three independent analyses to characterize the genomic consequences of 5-FU treatment: i) in vitro treatment of intestinal organoids with 5-FU followed by whole genome sequencing, ii) genome-wide mutation analyses in tumor samples from 5-FU treated patients with breast or colorectal cancer, and iii) analysis of paired biopsies from patients treated with 5-FU between biopsies. Our results demonstrate that both in vitro and in vivo 5-FU causes a mutational pattern that is dominated by T>G substitutions in a CTT context and with strong resemblance to COSMIC signature 17. Interestingly, this signature is also found in non 5-FU treated patients, most prominently in esophageal tumors, indicating that distinct endogenous and exogenous triggers can converge into highly similar mutational signatures. Furthermore, our results suggest that 5-FU may have adverse mutagenic effects on healthy cells and contributes to genetic variability in surviving cancer cells thereby contributing to tumor evolution.

Click on a Dataset ID in the table below to learn more, and to find out who to contact about access to these data

Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001004959 HiSeq X Ten 3
Publications Citations
5-Fluorouracil treatment induces characteristic T>G mutations in human cancer.
Nat Commun 10: 2019 4571