Infant Glioma Molecular Subtype

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001003714 Other

Study Description

Infant gliomas have completely different clinical behavior than gliomas in children and adults. Low-grade tumors are more aggressive with a higher mortality rate, while high-grade tumors are more benign. However, we have little understanding of their biology and so cannot explain this behavior and what constitutes optimal clinical management. To solve this enigma, we performed a comprehensive genetic analysis of the largest cohort to date of infantile gliomas. We uncovered several important findings which dramatically change the management of these cancers. Infant hemispheric gliomas harbor unique alterations in ROS, ALK, MET and other genes found in adult carcinomas. Unlike in adults, they are typically the only alteration present and some of these tumors regress from high- to low-grade partially explaining their favorable clinical outcome. Midline gliomas harbor RAS/MAPK pathway mutations, progress rapidly, and do not respond to current chemoradiation approaches, partially explaining their poorer outcome. These data suggest that infant gliomas require different therapeutic ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Whole transcriptome (n=4) and targetted RNA sequencing (n=15) .bam files of infantile glioma samples reported on at the Hospital for Sick Children
Illumina HiSeq 2500,NextSeq 550 19

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