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Analysis of mechanisms of CD19- relapse following novel low affinity CD19 Chimeric Antigen Receptor (CAR) T-cells (CD19 CAR T-cells) in a Phase I clinical study in paediatric ALL: CARPALL

Phase I clinical study (CARPALL, NCT02443831) utilizing a novel low affinity CD19CAR CAR in patients age <25 with high risk CD19+ ALL. Seventeen patients were enrolled and 14 received an infusion of CAR T cells. Among those achieving complete remission, 6 subsequently relapsed, 5 with CD19- disease, 1 with CD19+ disease. Whole exome sequencing of bone marrow DNA from patients with CD19- relapse showed mutations in the CD19 gene predicted to result in loss of surface expression in 4/5 patients. These mutations were not detectable prior to CAR T cell therapy. With a median follow-up of 14 months, 5/14 patients (36%) are alive and disease-free. Overall survival was 84% at 6 months and 63% at 12 months and by the criteria used in the ELIANA study, event-free survival was 67% and 46%. Using more stringent criteria where an event is defined as molecular relapse, molecular EFS was 55% and 29 %. The median duration of remission in responding patients was 7.4 months.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001005195 Illumina HiSeq 3000 10