Background: Development of chronic rejection is still a severe problem and causes high mortality rates after lung transplantation (LTx). Complement activation is important in the development of acute rejection (AR) and bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome, with C3 as a key complement factor.
Methods: Since a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the C3 gene (rs2230199) is associated with long-term outcome after solid organ transplantation, we investigated this SNP in relation to LTx. In addition, we looked at local production of C3 by analyzing bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of LTx patients using isoelectric focusing (IEF).
Results: We demonstrated the presence of C3 in BALF and showed that this is produced by the donor lung based on the genotype of SNP rs2230199. We also analyzed donor and patient SNP configurations and observed a significant association between the SNP configuration in patients and episodes of AR during 4-years follow-up. Survival analysis showed a lower AR-free survival in homozygous C3 slow patients (p=0.005). Furthermore, we found a significant ... (Show More)