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Pan-neuroblastoma analysis reveals age- and signature-associated driver alterations

Neuroblastoma is a pediatric malignancy with heterogeneous clinical outcomes depending on age and other factors. To better understand neuroblastoma pathogenesis, here we analyze whole-genome, whole-exome and/or transcriptome sequencing data from 702 neuroblastoma samples, half of which are new data. Over 95% of samples harbor at least one recurrent driver alteration and most aberrations, including MYCN, ATRX, and TERT alterations, differ in frequency by age. MYCN alterations occur at median 2.3 years of age, TERT at 3.8 years, and ATRX at 5.6 years, suggesting age-specific susceptibility to genetic alterations. Mutational signature analysis shows that reactive oxygen-species (ROS)-induced mutations are the most common cause of single nucleotide variant (SNV) drivers in neuroblastoma, including most ALK and Ras pathway SNVs. ROS-induced mutagenesis is both an early event, as it causes truncal variants, and continuous as it also induces relapse-specific mutations. ROS-induced mutations are more abundant in neuroblastomas with MYCN amplification, 17q gains, and increased expression of mitochondrial ribosome genes. We observe recurrent FGFR1 N546K or internal tandem duplication variants in 6 patients and ALK N-terminal structural alterations in 5 samples, identifying additional patients amenable to precision therapy.

Click on a Dataset ID in the table below to learn more, and to find out who to contact about access to these data

Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001005484 Illumina HiSeq 2000 634
Publications Citations
Pan-neuroblastoma analysis reveals age- and signature-associated driver alterations.
Nat Commun 11: 2020 5183