Germline MBD4 Mutations and Predisposition to Uveal Melanoma
|Study ID||Alternative Stable ID||Type|
Uveal melanoma (UM) arises from malignant transformation of melanocytes from the uveal tract. This rare tumor has a poor outcome with frequent liver metastases and primary resistance to treatment1. The only strong predisposing condition for UM is the BAP1 tumor predisposition syndrome due to germline BAP1 deleterious mutations. UMs are generally characterized by a very low tumor mutation burden (TMB). However, some UMs display a high level of CpG to TpG mutations associated with MBD4 inactivation. Here, we explored the incidence of germline MBD4 variants in a consecutive series of 1, 099 primary UMs, and identified 8 deleterious MBD4 mutations, an aprox 10-fold increased incidence compared with the general population. These mutations were associated with a high TMB in tested UMs. We thus demonstrated that MBD4 is the second major predisposing gene for UM.
Study Datasets 1 dataset.
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Whole exome sequencing of samples carrying an MBD4 mutation -n=9)
|Illumina NovaSeq 6000||17|