UCSF Pediatric Bithalamic Glioma Genome Project

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001004033 Other

Study Description

Brain tumors are the most common solid tumors of childhood, and the genetic drivers and optimal therapeutic strategies for many of the different subtypes remain unknown. We performed targeted next-generation sequencing of approximately 500 cancer-associated genes on a cohort of 13 pediatric bithalamic diffuse gliomas, a lethal brain tumor of childhood for which the genetic basis is largely unknown. We identified that bithalamic diffuse gliomas harbor frequent mutations in the EGFR oncogene in the absence of accompanying gene amplification and only rare histone H3 mutation. These EGFR mutations were either small in-frame insertions within exon 20 (intracellular tyrosine kinase domain) or missense mutations within exon 7 (extracellular ligand-binding domain). Accompanying alterations included frequent TP53 mutation, CDK6 amplification or CDKN2C mutation, and BCOR and BCORL1 mutation or deletion.

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Targeted next-generation sequencing of 13 pediatric bithalamic diffuse gliomas. BAM files of targeted next-generation DNA sequencing data of 13 pediatric gliomas, with multi-region sequencing data from 2 of these cases (17 total tumor samples). Genomic DNA was extracted from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded blocks of tumor tissue from using the QIAamp DNA FFPE Tissue Kit (Qiagen). Capture-based next-generation DNA sequencing was performed at the University of California, San Francisco ... (Show More)
Illumina HiSeq 2500 17

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