Comparison of 133/144bp dominant phenotype vs 166bp dominant phenotype.

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001004135 Other

Study Description

Background: Previous studies found that cell-free DNA (cfDNA) generated from tumors was shorter than that from healthy cells, and selecting short cfDNA could enrich for tumor cfDNA and improve its usage in early cancer diagnosis and treatment monitoring; however, the underlying mechanism of shortened tumor cfDNA was still unknown, which potentially limits its further clinical application.Results: Using targeted sequencing of cfDNA in a large cohort of solid tumor patient, sequencing reads harboring tumor-specific somatic mutations were isolated to examine the exact size distribution of tumor cfDNA. For the majority of studied cases, 166bp remained as the peak size of tumor cfDNA, with tumor cfDNA showing an increased proportion of short fragments (100-150bp). Less than 1% of cfDNA samples were found to be peaked at 134/144bp and independent of tumor cfDNA purity. Using whole-genome sequencing of cfDNA, we discovered a positive correlation between cfDNA shortening and the magnitude of chromatin inaccessibility, as measured by transcription, DNase I hypersensitivity, and histone ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
The sequencing results provided in this study is enriched through liquid phase hybridization capture. The data set shows 35 clinical cfDNA samples showing a dominant peak at 166bp and 35 clinical cfDNA samples showing a dominant peak at 134/144bp.
HiSeq X Ten,Illumina HiSeq 4000,Illumina MiSeq 70

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