Pseudodiastrophic dysplasia expands the known phenotypic spectrum of defects in proteoglycan biosynthesis

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001004145 Other

Study Description

Pseudodiastrophic dysplasia (PDD) is a severe skeletal dysplasia associated with prenatal manifestation and early lethality. Clinically, PDD is classified as a ‘dysplasia with multiple joint dislocations’ however, the molecular aetiology of the disorder is currently unknown. In order to identify the genetic defects underlying PDD, we performed whole exome sequencing (WES) on 3 patients from 2 unrelated families, clinically diagnosed with PDD. WES resulted in the identification of bi-allelic variants in the established skeletal dysplasia genes, B3GAT3 (Family 1) and CANT1 (Family 2). Mutations in these genes have previously been reported to cause ‘multiple joint dislocations, short stature, and craniofacial dysmorphism with or without congenital heart defects’ (B3GAT3) and Desbuquois dysplasia 1 (CANT1); disorders in the same nosological group as PDD. Follow-up of the B3GAT3 variants demonstrated significantly reduced B3GAT3/GlcAT-I expression. Downstream in vitro functional analysis revealed abolished biosynthesis of glycosaminoglycan side chains on proteoglycans. Functional ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
This dataset contains 7 paired end fastq files obtained with Illumina Hiseq and Nextseq sequencing of whole exomes relevant to a study of pseudodiastrophic dysplasia (PDD). It includes 3 patients from 2 unrelated families diagnosed with PDD, together with the four parents.
Illumina HiSeq 2500,NextSeq 500 7

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