Modulation of macrophage inflammatory function through selective inhibition of the epigenetic reader protein SP140

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001004460 Other

Study Description

SP140 is a bromodomain-containing protein expressed predominantly in immune cells. Genetic polymorphisms and epigenetic modifications in the SP140 locus have been linked to Crohn’s disease (CD), suggesting a role in inflammation. We report the development of the first small molecule SP140 inhibitor (GSK761) and utilize this to elucidate SP140 function in macrophages. We show that SP140 is highly expressed in CD68+ CD mucosal macrophages and in in vitro-generated inflammatory macrophages. SP140 inhibition through GSK761 reduced monocyte differentiation into inflammatory macrophages and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory activation. SP140 preferentially occupies transcriptional start sites (TSS) in inflammatory macrophages, with enrichment at gene loci encoding pro-inflammatory cytokines/chemokines and inflammatory pathways. GSK761 specifically reduced SP140 binding and thereby expression of SP140-bound genes. GSK761 inhibited the spontaneous expression of cytokines, including TNF, by CD14+ macrophages isolated from CD intestinal-mucosa. This study identifies SP140 as a ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Transcriptomic (N = 18) and epigenomic (N = 6) characterization of macrophages using RNA-sequencing and ChIP-sequencing (bait = SP140) in the presence of absence of SP140 inhibition.
Illumina HiSeq 2500,Illumina HiSeq 4000 30

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