A Single-Cell Atlas of the Multicellular Ecosystem of Primary and Metastatic Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001004468 Other

Study Description

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) represents a paradigm of the relation between tumor microenvironment (TME) and tumor development. Here, we generated a single-cell atlas of the multicellular ecosystem of HCCs from four relevant sites. Antitumor central memory T (TCM) cells were found in tertiary lymphoid structures (TLSs). Chronic HBV/HCV infection increases infiltration of CD8+ T cells in tumors but aggravates T cell exhaustion. We identified CD11b+ macrophages to be terminally differentiated tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) and two distinct differentiation trajectories contribute to their accumulation. We further demonstrated CD11b+ TAMs promote HCC cells invasion and migration, and angiogenesis. We characterized the heterogeneous subpopulations of malignant hepatocytes and their multifaceted roles in shaping the immune microenvironment. Finally, we identified seven TME subtypes that can predict patient prognosis. Collectively, this large-scale atlas deepens our understanding of the ecosystem in primary and metastatic HCCs, might facilitating the development of new immune therapy ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Single-cell transcriptomes for 10 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients from 21 sample of four relevant sites: primary tumor (T), portal vein tumor thrombus (P), metastatic lymph node (L) and non-tumor liver (N). Single cells were sequenced using Chromium Single Cell 3’ Library (10x Genomics).
Illumina NovaSeq 6000 21

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