Study

Three-dimensional human alveolar stem cell culture models reveal infection response to SARS-CoV-2

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001004508 Other

Study Description

Severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which is the cause of a present global pandemic, infects human lung alveolar type 2 (hAT2) cells. Characterizing pathogenesis is crucial for developing vaccines and therapeutics. However, the lack of models mirroring the cellular physiology and pathology of hAT2 cells limits the study. Here, we develop a feeder-free, long-term three-dimensional (3D) culture technique for hAT2 cells derived from primary human lung tissue, and investigate infection response to SARS-CoV-2. By imaging-based analysis and single-cell transcriptome profiling, we reveal rapid viral replication and the increased expression of interferon-associated genes and pro-inflammatory genes in infected hAT2 cells, indicating robust endogenous innate immune response. Further tracing of viral mutations acquired during transmission identifies full infection of individual cells effectively from a single viral entry. Our study provides deep insights into the pathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2, and the application of defined 3D hAT2 cultures as models for respiratory ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 2 datasets.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001006241
This dataset includes 14 bulk RNA sequencing data (28 fastq files) in the study entitled "Three-dimensional human alveolar stem cell culture models reveal infection response to SARS-CoV-2". RNA sequencing library was generated with Truseq stranded total RNA Gold kit.
Illumina HiSeq 2500 14
EGAD00001006242
This dataset includes a total of 5 single cell RNA sequencing (scRNAseq) data of SARS-CoV-2 infected human alveolar stem cell culture models. Two scRNAseq data were obtained from SARS-CoV-2 infection with MOI of 1.0 (1 for control and 1 for infected case) and the other three were obtained from SARS-CoV-2 infection with MOI of 0.1 in the study entitled "Three-dimensional human alveolar stem cell culture models reveal infection response to SARS-CoV-2". The 10x Chromium Single Cell 3' Reagent kits ... (Show More)
Illumina HiSeq 2500 5

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