Metastasis remains the main reason for renal cell carcinoma (RCC)-associated mortality. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) impart clinical benefit for most RCC patients but the determinants of response are poorly understood. We report an integrated genomic and transcriptomic analysis of metastatic clear cell RCC (ccRCC) patients treated with TKI therapy and identify predictors of response. Patients in the COMPARZ phase III trial received first-line sunitinib or pazopanib with comparable efficacy. Microarray-based transcriptomic analyses with results from Next-gen genomic analyses of targeted genes revealed distinct molecular subgroups associated with response and survival.