Cerebral organoid model reveals excessive proliferation of human caudal late interneuron progenitors in Tuberous Sclerosis Complex

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001004586 Other

Study Description

Although the intricate and prolonged development of the human brain critically distinguishes it from other mammals, our current understanding of neurodevelopmental diseases is largely based on work using animal models. Recent studies revealed that neural progenitors in the human brain are profoundly different from those found in rodent animal models. Moreover, post-mortem studies revealed extensive migration of interneurons into the late-gestational and post-natal human prefrontal cortex that does not occur in rodents. Here, we use cerebral organoids to show that overproduction of mid-gestational human interneurons causes Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC), a severe neuro-developmental disorder associated with mutations in TSC1 and TSC2. We identify a previously uncharacterized population of caudal late interneuron progenitors, the CLIP-cells. In organoids derived from patients carrying heterozygous TSC2 mutations, dysregulation of mTOR signaling leads to CLIP-cell over-proliferation and formation of cortical tubers and subependymal tumors. Surprisingly, second-hit events resulting ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 2 datasets.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
This dataset contains single cell RNA sequencing data from Organoids grown in high nutrient (H) and low nutrient (L) medium. Organoids were grown for 110 days. Organoids were grown from a patient IPS cell line with a heterozygous mutation in TSC2 (Patient 1 TSC2+/- iPSCs) and an isogenic control cell line (TSC2+/+).
NextSeq 550 6
This dataset contains whole genome sequencing data of a patient IPS cell line with a heterozygous mutation in TSC2 (Patient 1 TSC2+/- iPSCs) . This dataset further contains whole genome sequencing data of two tumors showing CNLOH. Tumors were isolated from organoids grown using the patient IPS cell line (Patient 1 TSC2+/- iPSCs )
Illumina NovaSeq 6000 3

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