Patient-tailored design for selective co-inhibition of leukemic cell subpopulations

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001004614 Other

Study Description

The extensive primary and secondary drug resistance in many cancer types requires rational approaches to design personalized and selective combinatorial therapies that do not only show synergistic effect in overall cancer cell killing but also result in minimal toxic side effects on non-malignant cells. To address the combinatorial explosion in the number of relevant combinations, we implemented a machine learning approach that prioritizes patient-customized drug combinations with a desired synergy-efficacy-toxicity balance by combining single-cell RNA-sequencing with ex vivo single-agent testing in scarce patient-derived primary cells. When applied to two diagnostic and two refractory AML patient cases, each with a different genetic background, our integrated approach accurately predicted patient-specific combinations that were shown to result not only in synergistic cancer cell co-inhibition but were also capable of targeting specific AML cell subpopulations that emerge in differing stages of disease pathogenesis or treatment regimens. Our data-driven approach provides an unbiased ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Single-cell RNA sequencing was performed on bone marrow mononuclear cells of 2 acute myeloid leukemia patients at refractory stage. The profiling was performed using 10x Genomics Chromium Single Cell 3ʹ Gene Expression platform. The raw data are available as fastq files.
Illumina HiSeq 2500 2

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