Study

Detection of ctDNA in Plasma of Patients with Clinically Localised Prostate Cancer is Associated with Rapid Disease Progression

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001004636 Other

Study Description

Purpose: DNA originating from degenerate tumour cells can be detected in the circulation in many tumour types, where it can be used as a marker of disease burden as well as to monitor treatment response. Although circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA) measurement has prognostic/predictive value in metastatic prostate cancer, its utility in localised disease is unknown. Patients and Methods: We performed whole genome sequencing of tumour-normal pairs in eight patients with clinically localised disease undergoing prostatectomy, identifying high confidence genomic aberrations. A bespoke DNA capture and amplification panel against the highest prevalence, highest confidence aberrations for each individual was designed and used to interrogate ctDNA isolated from plasma prospectively obtained pre- and post- (24 hours and 6 weeks) surgery. In a separate cohort (n=189) we identified the presence of ctDNA TP53 mutations in pre-operative plasma in a retrospective cohort, and determined its association with biochemical- and metastasis-free survival. Results: Tumour variants in ctDNA were positively ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001006369
Whole genome sequencing of tumour-normal pairs in eight patients with clinically localised disease undergoing prostatectomy. A bespoke DNA capture and amplification panel against the highest prevalence, highest confidence aberrations for each individual was designed and used to interrogate ctDNA isolated from plasma prospectively obtained pre- and post- (24 hours and 6 weeks) surgery. Tagged-amplicon deep sequencing (TAm-Seq) across the TP53 gene in ctDNA in a cohort of 189 individuals.
HiSeq X Ten,Illumina MiSeq,NextSeq 500 224

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