Study

Chromothripsis in human breast cancer (HIPO K26K/H017/A017)

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001004662 Other

Study Description

Chromothripsis is a form of genome instability, by which a presumably single catastrophic event generates extensive genomic rearrangements of one or a few chromosome(s). Widely assumed to be an early event in tumor development, this phenomenon plays a prominent role in tumor onset. We analyzed chromothripsis in 252 human breast cancers from two patient cohorts (149 metastatic breast cancers, 63 untreated primary tumors, 29 local relapses, 11 longitudinal pairs) using whole-genome and whole-exome sequencing. We showed that chromothripsis affects a substantial proportion of human breast cancers, with a prevalence over 60% in a cohort of metastatic cases and 25% in a cohort comprising predominantly luminal breast cancers (cohorts from HIPO K26K and H017 and A017). In the vast majority of cases, multiple chromosomes per tumor are affected, with most chromothriptic events on chromosomes 11 and 17 including, among other significantly altered drivers, CCND1, ERBB2, CDK12 and BRCA1. Importantly, chromothripsis generates recurrent fusions that drive tumor development. Chromothripsis-related ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001007563
We analyzed chromothripsis in 252 human breast cancers from two patient cohorts (149 metastatic breast cancers, 63 untreated primary tumors, 29 local relapses, 11 longitudinal pairs) using whole-genome and whole-exome (paired) sequencing. A lot of the WGS samples were sequenced on Illumina HiSeq X-Ten using Illumina TruSeq Nano DNA. For exome sequencing Agilent_SureSelect_V5+UTRs has been used (sequencing on Hiseq2000, Hiseq2500 and Hiseq4000). For exome sequencing Agilent_SureSelect_V5+UTRs ... (Show More)
HiSeq X Ten,Illumina HiSeq 2000,Illumina HiSeq 2500,Illumina HiSeq 4000 516

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