Rucaparib in patients presenting a metastatic breast cancer with Homologous Recombination Deficiency, without germline BRCA1/2 mutation, pronostic value of high LOH genomic score and predictive value of HRDetect (microarray)
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Breast cancer may present genomic alterations leading to homologous recombination deficiency. PARP inhibitors have proved their efficacy in patients with HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer (mBC) harboring germline (g) BRCA1/2 mutations. We conducted the phase 2 RUBY trial to assess the efficacy of rucaparib in HER2-negative mBC with high genomic loss of heterozygosity (LOH) score or somatic, without gBRCA1/2 mutation. 220 of 711 patients with mBC screened for LOH presented high LOH score which was associated with a higher likelihood of death (HR = 1.39, 95% CI: 1.11-1.75, p = 0.005). The primary objective was not reached with a clinical benefit rate (objective response or SD>16 weeks) of 13.5%. Two LOH-high patients, without somatic BRCA1/2 mutation, presented a complete and durable response (14 and 32 months). HRDetect tended to be associated with response to rucaparib, whithout reaching statistical significance (median HRDetect responders versus non responders: 0.465 versus, 0.040, p = 0.2135). Our data suggests that a small subset of patients with high LOH score could ... (Show More)
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CASE SAMPLES USING Affymetrix SNP6.0 technology (Thermo Fisher Scientific company): OncoScan FFPE Assay Kit was used for FFPE tissue samples (designed for degraded DNA) and the Cytoscan HD Array Kit was used for the fresh-frozen tissues