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Rucaparib in patients presenting a metastatic breast cancer with Homologous Recombination Deficiency, without germline BRCA1/2 mutation, pronostic value of high LOH genomic score and predictive value of HRDetect (microarray)

Breast cancer may present genomic alterations leading to homologous recombination deficiency. PARP inhibitors have proved their efficacy in patients with HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer (mBC) harboring germline (g) BRCA1/2 mutations. We conducted the phase 2 RUBY trial to assess the efficacy of rucaparib in HER2-negative mBC with high genomic loss of heterozygosity (LOH) score or somatic, without gBRCA1/2 mutation. 220 of 711 patients with mBC screened for LOH presented high LOH score which was associated with a higher likelihood of death (HR = 1.39, 95% CI: 1.11-1.75, p = 0.005). The primary objective was not reached with a clinical benefit rate (objective response or SD>16 weeks) of 13.5%. Two LOH-high patients, without somatic BRCA1/2 mutation, presented a complete and durable response (14 and 32 months). HRDetect tended to be associated with response to rucaparib, whithout reaching statistical significance (median HRDetect responders versus non responders: 0.465 versus, 0.040, p = 0.2135). Our data suggests that a small subset of patients with high LOH score could derive benefit from PARP inhibitors.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00010002034 Affymetrix 710