Rna-Seq Leiomyosarcoma subtypes

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001004783 Other

Study Description

Leiomyosarcomas (LMS) are genetically heterogeneous tumors differentiating along smooth muscle lines. Currently, LMS treatment is not informed by molecular subtyping and is associated with highly variable survival. While disease site continues to dictate clinical management, the contribution of genetic factors to LMS subtype, origins, and timing are unknown. Here we analyzed 70 genomes and 130 transcriptomes of LMS, including multiple tumor regions and paired metastases. Molecular profiling highlighted the extremely early origins of LMS. Three specific subtypes of LMS develop from distinct lineages of smooth muscle cells. Of these, dedifferentiated LMS with high immune infiltration and tumors primarily of gynaecological origin acquired the highest burden of genomic mutation and are associated with worse survival. Homologous recombination defects lead to genome-wide mutational signatures, and a corresponding sensitivity to PARP and other DNA damage response inhibitors, suggesting a novel therapeutic strategy for LMS. Finally, by phylogenetic reconstruction, we present evidence ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
RNA was extracted from fresh frozen LMS material for 29 untreated tumors (24 primary tumors, 5 metastatic12 relapses) and 13 tumors treated with radiation(7 primaries, 6 metastatic relapses). RNA-Seq sequencing was performed using established protocols on Illumina HiSeq 2500

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