CTCF-dependent enhancer hijacking by the EVI1 oncogene in leukemia

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001004808 Other

Study Description

Chromosomal rearrangements are a frequent cause of oncogene deregulation in human malignancies. Overexpression of EVI1 is found in a subgroup of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with 3q26 chromosomal rearrangements which are often therapy resistant. In a cohort of primary t(3;8)(q26;q24) AML samples we observed the translocation of a MYC super-enhancer to EVI1. We generated a patient-based t(3;8)(q26;q24) model in vitro using CRISPR-Cas9 technology and demonstrated hyper-activation of EVI1 by the hijacked MYC super-enhancer. One MYC super-enhancer element in particular, which recruits early hematopoietic regulators, is critical for EVI1 expression and enhancer-promoter interaction. This interaction is facilitated by a CTCF-bound motif upstream of the EVI1 promoter that acts as an enhancer-docking site in t(3;8) AML. Genomic analyses of 3q26-rearranged AML samples point to a common mechanism by which EVI1 uses this CTCF-bound enhancer-docking site to hijack early hematopoietic enhancers.

Study Datasets 5 datasets.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
CTCF ChIP-seq of 14 leukemia patients: 6 AML without 3q rearrangements, 1 AML with 3q26, 1 AML with t(3;8) and 6 T-ALL H3K27ac ChIP-seq of AML patients: 4 cases with t(3;8), another with inv(3) and another with normal karyotype. H3K27ac ChIP-seq of CD34+ cells from one healthy donor RUNX1 ChIP-seq of one t(3;8) AML patient
Illumina HiSeq 2500 21
The viewpoints used in the 4C-seq data were either the EVI1 promoter or the MYC super-enhancer
Illumina HiSeq 2500 1
RNA-seq was generated to investigate differences in gene expression between t(3;8) AML and other primary AMLs. Briefly, sample libraries were prepared using 500 ng of input RNA according to the KAPA RNA HyperPrep Kit with RiboErase (HMR) (Roche) using Unique Dual Index adapters (Integrated DNA Technologies, Inc.). Amplified sample libraries were paired-end sequenced (2x100 bp) on the Novaseq 6000 platform (Illumina
Illumina HiSeq 2500,Illumina NovaSeq 6000 13
This dataset contains DNA sequencing of the chromosome 3q region in 28 primary AML cases with 3q26 rearrangements (3q26-rearranged AML). Genomic DNA was fragmented using the Covaris shearing device (Covaris), and sample libraries were assembled following the TruSeq DNA Sample Preparation Guide (Illumina). After ligation of adapters and an amplification step, target sequences of chromosomal regions 3q21.1-q26.2 were captured using custom in-solution oligonucleotide baits (Nimblegen SeqCap EZ ... (Show More)
Illumina HiSeq 2500 28
Open chromatin regions in the MYC super-enhancer region were investigated by ATAC-seq in t(3;8) AML. ATAC-seq was performed as described (Buenrostro et al, 2013) with a modification in the lysis buffer (0.30 M sucrose, 10 mM Tris pH 7.5, 60 mM KCl, 15 mM NaCl, 5 mM MgCl2, 0.1 mM EGTA, 0.1% NP40, 0.15 mM Spermine, 0.5 mM Spermidine, 2 mM 6AA) to reduce mitochondrial DNA contamination.
Illumina HiSeq 2500,Illumina NovaSeq 6000 5

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