Transcriptional profiling of ovarian tumours and cell lines

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001004814 Other

Study Description

Purpose: Endogenous retroviruses (ERVs) play a role in a variety of biological processes, including embryogenesis and cancer. DNA methyltransferase inhibitors (DNMTi)-induced ERV expression triggers interferon responses in ovarian cancer cells via the viral sensing machinery. Baseline expression of ERVs also occurs in cancer cells, though this process is poorly understood and previously unexplored in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Here, the prognostic and immunomodulatory consequences of baseline ERV expression was assessed in EOC. Experimental Design: ERV expression was assessed using EOC transcriptional data from TCGA and from an independent cohort (HH), as well as from untreated or DNMTi-treated EOC cell lines. LASSO logistic regression defined an ERV expression score to predict patient prognosis. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was conducted on the HH cohort. Combination of DNMTi treatment with γδ T cells was tested in vitro, using EOC cell lines and patient-derived tumor cells. Results: ERV expression was found to define clinically relevant subsets of EOC patients. An ERV ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
The dataset contains transcriptional data obtained using total RNA sequencing on a Illumina machin. 59 samples are from the Hammersmith Hospital (HH) cohort of human primary ovarian tumours and 20 samples are from ovarian cancer cell lines Kuramochi (3 replicates) and Ovsaho (2 replicates) treated with 1 uM DNMTi guadecitabine or vehicle, at an early (day 5) or late (day 8) timepoint.

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