Circulating Tumor DNA in Checkpoint Inhibitor treated Lung Cancer

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001004847 Other

Study Description

BackgroundImmune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) are increasingly used to treat non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and there is a critical need for novel predictive/prognostic biomarkers. We evaluated whether dynamics of circulating tumor (ctDNA) can identify NSCLC patients who benefit from single agent ICI.MethodsCirculating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) from 177 patients was analyzed prior ICI and at first treatment evaluation using a Commercial 77-gene panel. We performed de novo mutation calling and corrected for variants related clonal hematopoiesis. ctDNA changes were evaluated as predictors of tumor response estimated with PET/diagnostic CT and survival.ResultsMutations were detected in 159 of 174 (91.4%) analyzable patients. Most responders presented decreasing ctDNA levels, while non-responders had mixed molecular responses. Patients with a >50% molecular ctDNA decrease or no detectable ctDNA demonstrated improved PFS (5.9 versus 1.8 months; HR 0.49, 95%CI, 0.35-0.67, P < .001), and OS (18.9 versus 9.9 months; HR 0.41, 95%CI, 0.30-0.57, P < .001) compared to patients not ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Mutation analysis of 77 frequently mutated genes in NSCLC in plasma DNA and corresponding PBMCs of NSCLC patients under ICI using the AVENIO Expanded Kit.
Illumina HiSeq 4000,NextSeq 550 516

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