Study

Accurate detection of tumor-specific fusion genes reveals strongly immunogenic personal neo-antigens

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001004877 Other

Study Description

Fusion genes arising from cancer-associated somatic mutations are a potential rich source for highly immunogenic neo-antigens. However, their exploitation as targets for personalized cancer immunotherapy is currently limited by the lack of computational tools allowing transcriptome-wide identification of unique fusion genes in an accurate and sensitive manner. Here, we present EasyFuse, a computational pipeline, to detect individual and cancer-specific fusion genes in next-generation-sequencing transcriptome data obtained from human cancer samples. Using machine learning, EasyFuse predicts personal fusion genes with high precision and sensitivity and outperforms previously described approaches as qualified by an unprecedented ground-truth dataset of >1500 verification experiments in relevant patient samples. By testing immunogenicity with autologous blood lymphocytes from cancer patients we detected pre-established CD4+ and CD8+ T cell responses for 10 of 21 (48%), and for 1 of 30 (3%) of identified fusion genes, respectively. In conclusion, we demonstrate accurate detection of ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 2 datasets.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001006781
This dataset contains RNA-seq raw data in fastq format from 14 tumor samples. The samples are from primary tumors or metastasis and represent various cancer entities. The samples are formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) treated. For target enrichment SureSelect XT Human All Exon V6 was used. The libraries were sequenced in paired-end mode (2 x 50 nt) on a NovaSeq6000 S2 flow cell.
Illumina NovaSeq 6000 14
EGAD00001006783
This dataset contains RNA-seq raw data in fastq format from 9 melanoma samples. The samples are formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) treated. For target enrichment SureSelect XT Human All Exon V6 was used. The libraries were sequenced in paired-end mode (2 x 50 nt) on a NovaSeq6000 S2 flow cell.
Illumina NovaSeq 6000 9

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