ChIP-seq of plasma cell-free nucleosomes identifies gene expression programs of the cells-of-origin
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Cell-free DNA in human plasma provides access to molecular information about the pathological processes in the organs or tumors from which it originates. These DNA fragments are derived from fragmented chromatin in dying cells, and retain some of the cell of origin histone modifications. Here, we apply chromatin immunoprecipitation of cell-free nucleosomes carrying active chromatin modifications followed by sequencing (cfChIP-seq) to 268 human samples. In healthy donors, we identified bone marrow megakaryocytes, but not erythroblasts, as major contributors to the cfDNA pool. In patients with a range of liver diseases, we show that we can identify pathology-related changes in hepatocyte transcriptional programs. In metastatic colorectal carcinoma patients, we detected clinically relevant, and patient-specific information, including transcriptionally active HER2 amplifications. Altogether, cfChIP-seq using low sequencing depth, provides systemic and genome-wide information, can inform diagnosis, and facilitate interrogation of physiological and pathological processes using blood ... (Show More)
Study Datasets 1 dataset.
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Dataset includes cell-free ChIP-seq data of 268 samples (from 61 self-declared healthy donors, four patients with acute myocardial infarction, 29 patients suffering from autoimmune, metabolic, or viral liver diseases and 56 metastatic colorectal carcinoma (CRC) patients). DNA libraries preparation is documented in the methods section. Libraries were paired end sequenced by Illumina NextSeq 500 and aligned to the human genome (hg19) using bowtie2 (184.108.40.206) with ‘no-mixed’ and ... (Show More)