Whole genome sequencing delineates regulatory, structural, and cryptic splice variants in early onset cardiomyopathy

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001004929 Other

Study Description

Cardiomyopathy (CMP) is a heritable disorder. Over 50% cases are gene-elusive on clinical gene panel testing. The contribution of variants in non-coding DNA elements that result in cryptic splicing and regulate gene expression has not been explored. We analyzed whole genome sequencing (WGS) data in a discovery cohort of 209 pediatric CMP patients and 1,953 independent replication genomes and exomes. We searched for protein-coding variants, and non-coding variants predicted to affect the function or expression of genes. Thirty-nine % cases harbored pathogenic coding variants in known CMP genes, and 5% harbored high-risk loss-of-function (LoF) variants in additional candidate CMP genes. Fifteen % harbored high-risk regulatory variants in promoters and enhancers of CMP genes (Odds ratio 2.25, p=6.70×10-7 versus controls). Genes involved in α-dystroglycan glycosylation (FKTN, DTNA) and desmosomal signaling (DSC2, DSG2) were most highly enriched for regulatory variants (Odds ratio 6.7-58.1). Functional effects were confirmed in patient myocardium and reporter assays in human ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Whole genome sequencing of 209 pediatric probands with primary cardiomyopathy and their family members. All samples were sequenced using Illumina short read platform.
HiSeq X Ten 114

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