Single Cell Dissection of the Tumour Microenvironment Reveals Dynamic Interplay Shaping the Tumour Immunity Continuum in Ovarian Cancer

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001004935 Other

Study Description

Diverse tumour immune phenotypes with distinct T cell infiltration patterns result in different responses to cancer immunotherapies. However, the key determinants and biology underpinning these phenotypes remain elusive. Here, we provide a high-resolution dissection of the tumour microenvironment representative of different tumour immune phenotypes. By performing single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNAseq) of the tumour, immune, and stromal compartments from 15 ovarian cancer patients, we characterized the diverse cellular and functional phenotypes, as well as dynamic interplay within and between these components. Infiltrated and excluded tumours markedly differed from desert tumours in several tumour cell intrinsic features, including high interferon response, antigen presentation and oxidative phosphorylation. Moreover, these tumours were characterized by tumour associated macrophage (TAM)-like myeloid subsets, while desert tumours were enriched in myeloid derived suppressive cell (MDSC)-like myeloid subsets. Infiltrated and excluded tumours differed in their T cell composition and ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 3 datasets.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Clinical data corresponding to the patients with ovarian cancer studied using scRNA-seq and bulk RNA-seq. Variables include molecular subtype, predicted immune phenotype, reviewing pathologist comment, final immune phenotype, histology characterization, and tumor stage.
Matrices of counts from single-cell RNA-seq data for 15 samples from patients with ovarian cancer, 5 samples for each of the 3 tumor immune phenotypes (Infiltrated, Excluded and Desert). Dissociated cells from each tumor sample have been sorted to isolate live cells from the 3 compartments: tumor, immune and stromal. Each of the compartments has been analyzed separately by scRNAseq, excluding some desert tumors for which cells from the stromal and immune compartments have been pooled. ... (Show More)
RNAseq FASTq files from 15 samples from patients with ovarian cancer, 5 samples for each of the 3 tumor immune phenotypes (Infiltrated, Excluded and Desert).
NextSeq 500 15

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