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Cell-free DNA TAPS for early cancer detection

Multimodal, genome-wide characterization of epigenetic and genetic information in circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) could enable more sensitive early cancer detection. However, due to technological challenges associated with DNA methylation sequencing in low input cfDNA samples, most studies have been limited by DNA damage caused by bisulfite sequencing, or the qualitative nature of enrichment-based sequencing. Recently, we developed TET-assisted Pyridine Borane Sequencing (TAPS), which is a mild, bisulfite-free method for base-resolution direct DNA methylation sequencing. Here we optimized TAPS for cfDNA (cfTAPS) to provide high-quality and high-depth whole-genome cell-free methylomes. We applied cfTAPS to 85 cfDNA samples from patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and non-cancer controls. From just 10 ng cfDNA (1-3 mL of plasma), we generated the most comprehensive cfDNA methylome to date. We demonstrated that cfTAPS provides multimodal information about cfDNA characteristics, including DNA methylation, tissue of origin, and DNA fragmentation. Integrated analysis of these epigenetic and genetic features enables accurate identification of early HCC and PDAC.

Click on a Dataset ID in the table below to learn more, and to find out who to contact about access to these data

Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001006871 Illumina NovaSeq 6000 255
Publications Citations
Cell-free DNA TAPS provides multimodal information for early cancer detection.
Sci Adv 7: 2021 eabh0534