Longitudinal Single-Cell Profiling Reveals Molecular Heterogeneity and Tumor-Immune Evolution in Refractory Mantle Cell Lymphoma
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The mechanisms driving therapeutic resistance and poor outcomes of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) are incompletely understood. We characterize the cellular and molecular heterogeneity within and across patients and delineate the dynamic evolution of tumor and immune cell compartments at single cell resolution in longitudinal specimens from ibrutinib-sensitive patients and non-responders. Temporal activation of multiple cancer hallmark pathways and acquisition of 17q are observed in a refractory MCL. Multi-platform validation is performed at genomic and cellular levels in PDX models and larger patient cohorts. We demonstrate that the molecular targeting of BIRC5/survivin, locates at 17q and upregulates in resistant MCL tumor cells, results in marked tumor inhibition in preclinical models. In addition, we discovere notable differences in the tumor microenvironment including progressive dampening of CD8+ T cells and aberrant cell-to-cell communication networks in refractory MCLs. This study reveales diverse and dynamic tumor and immune programs underlying therapy resistance in MCL.
Study Datasets 1 dataset.
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we performed sequential scRNA-seq of 21 specimens (discovery cohort) collected at baseline, during treatment, and/or at disease remission/progression from 3 ibrutinib-responsive (R) patients (Pt-V, C and D) and 2 non-responsive (NR) patients (Pt-B and E). In addition, the PBMC samples from two healthy donors (N1 and N2) were included as the normal controls.
|Illumina HiSeq 4000||31|
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