Genetic analysis of HLA and immune escape genes in Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001005054 Other

Study Description

Fifty percent of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) cases lack cell-surface expression of the class-I major histocompatibility complex (MHC-I), thereby escaping immune recognition by cytotoxic T cells. In order to comprehensively identify the mechanisms involved in MHC-I loss, we first performed immunophenotypic analysis of both MHC class-I and -II in 657 cases across the spectrum of B-NHL, revealing that loss of MHC-I, but not MHC-II, is preferentially restricted to DLBCL. We then used whole exome and targeted deep-sequencing to examine genes involved in MHC-I expression in 74 DLBCL samples representative of MHC-I positive and negative cases. We show here that somatic biallelic or monoallelic inactivation of B2M and/or HLA-I is present in 80.9% (34/42) of MHC-I negative tumors. Furthermore, 68.8% (22/32) of MHC-I positive DLBCLs also harbored monoallelic HLA-I genetic alterations (MHC-I positivemono) that lead to allelic imbalance, suggesting allele-specific inactivation. Both MHC-I negative and MHC-I positivemono cases showed a significantly higher mutational burden as well as ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
We performed genetic analysis of HLA and immune escape genes in samples from 44 patients sequenced by whole exome sequencing (34 tumor samples, 32 normal samples) and whole genome sequencing (10 tumor samples, 12 normal samples). We also performed HLA targeted sequencing in 26/44 patients (26 tumor samples, 26 normal samples).
Illumina HiSeq 2000,unspecified 139

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