Accurate detection and classification of pediatric sarcomas based on cell-free DNA fragmentation patterns

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001005127 Other

Study Description

Sequencing of cell-free DNA in the blood of cancer patients (“liquid biopsy”) provides attractive opportunities not only for early diagnosis, but also for minimally invasive monitoring of treatment response and disease courses. To unlock liquid biopsy analysis for pediatric tumors with few genetic aberrations, we developed an integrated genetic/epigenetic analysis method and applied it to 241 deep whole-genome sequencing profiles of 95 patients with Ewing sarcoma and 31 patients with other pediatric sarcomas. We achieved sensitive detection and classification of circulating tumor DNA in peripheral blood independent of any genetic alterations. We evaluated different metrics for cell-free DNA fragmentation analysis and developed LIQUORICE, a bioinformatic tool for detecting circulating tumor DNA based on tumor-specific chromatin structure. Using machine learning methods, we combined several fragmentation-based metrics into an integrated approach for liquid biopsy analysis tailored to cancers with low mutation rates but widespread epigenetic deregulation. Clinical associations ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
This dataset contains: i) 241 deep (median 12x) whole-genome sequencing profiles of 95 patients with Ewing sarcoma, 31 patients with other pediatric sarcomas, and 22 additional profiles from healthy controls. Sequencing was performed on a NovaSeq 6000 instrument using the NovaSeq S4 2x100 bp configuration. In addition, pilot experiments for 18 cfDNA samples were performed using Illumina HiSeq 2000/2500 machines (2x75 bp configuration). Data is provided as .fastq.gz files (2 files, .R1 and .R2, ... (Show More)
Illumina NovaSeq 6000,unspecified 346

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