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Characterizing microbiome-directed fibre snacks in gnotobiotic mice and humans

Knowledge of the interrelationships between what we eat and the configurations of our gut microbial communities is providing important insights into how food components that are not directly metabolized by human enzymes are linked to our physiology and health status. Changing food preferences brought about by Westernization that have deleterious health effects1,2, plus rapid population expansion, ongoing challenges to sustainable agriculture, and other forces contributing to increased food insecurity, are catalyzing efforts to identify more nutritious and affordable foods3. The gut microbial community is complex, dynamic, and exhibits considerable intra- and interpersonal variation in its composition and functions. The massive number of potential interactions between its components makes it challenging to define the mechanisms by which food ingredients affect community properties. There is also a paucity of information about the ‘bioactive’ ingredients of foods that influence the fitness and expressed functions of community members. Here, plant fibres, from different sustainable sources and targeting distinct features of obese human gut microbiomes in gnotobiotic mice, were formulated into snack prototypes and used to supplement controlled diets consumed by overweight and obese adults; the results revealed fibre-specific changes in their microbiomes that were linked to changes in their plasma proteomes indicative of altered physiologic state.

Click on a Dataset ID in the table below to learn more, and to find out who to contact about access to these data

Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00010002132 SOMAscan 1.3K Proteomic Assay 70
EGAD00010002133 SOMAscan 1.3K Proteomic Assay 72
Publications Citations
Evaluating microbiome-directed fibre snacks in gnotobiotic mice and humans.
Nature 595: 2021 91-95