SG Peranakan Project: Genetic admixture in the culturally unique Peranakan Chinese population in Southeast Asia

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001005379 Other

Study Description

The Peranakan Chinese are culturally unique descendants of immigrants from China who settled in the Malay Archipelago ~300-500 years ago. Today, among large communities in Southeast Asia, the Peranakans have preserved Chinese traditions with strong influence from the local indigenous Malays. Yet, whether or to what extent genetic admixture co-occurred with the cultural mixture has been a topic of ongoing debate. We performed whole-genome sequencing (WGS) on 177 Singapore (SG) Peranakans and analyzed the data jointly with WGS data of Asian and European populations. We estimated that Peranakan Chinese inherited ~5.62% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 4.75-6.46%) Malay ancestry, much higher than that in SG Chinese (1.08%, 0.69-1.53%), southern Chinese (0.86%, 0.57-1.31%), and northern Chinese (0.25%, 0.18-0.33%). A sex-biased admixture history, in which the Malay ancestry was contributed primarily by females, was supported by X chromosomal variants, and mitochondrial (MT) and Y haplogroups. Finally, we identified an ancient admixture event shared by Peranakan Chinese and SG Chinese ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
This dataset contains the genotypes jointly-called from whole genome sequencing data of 177 self-reported Peranakans in Singapore. Reads were aligned to GRCh37 reference genome and jointly-called with other WGS samples. Basic quality control measures and population phasing without reference were performed on the called genotypes. The data are stored in VCF v 4.3 format, and one .vcf.gz file stored the genotypes from one of the 23 chromosomes (22 autosomes+X chromosome).

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