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PPIL4 is essential for brain angiogenesis and implicated in intracranial aneurysm in humans

Rupture of intracranial aneurysms (IAs) leads to subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), a sudden-onset disease often causing severe disability or death. Using whole exome sequencing, we identified significant enrichment of rare, deleterious mutations in PPIL4 in both index and familial IA cases. Ppil4 depletion causes intracerebral hemorrhage, defects in cerebrovascular morphology, and impaired Wnt signaling in vivo. Wild type, but not IA-mutant PPIL4, potentiates Wnt signaling by binding JMJD6, a known angiogenesis regulator and Wnt activator. These findings identify a novel PPIL4-dependent Wnt signaling mechanism involved in brain-specific angiogenesis and maintenance of cerebrovascular integrity, and implicate PPIL4 gene variation in the pathogenesis of human IA.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001008106 Illumina HiSeq 2000 Illumina HiSeq 2500 12
Publications Citations
PPIL4 is essential for brain angiogenesis and implicated in intracranial aneurysms in humans.
Nat Med 27: 2021 2165-2175
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