Germline variants in patients with rare cancers and their implications for precision cancer medicine: experiences from the Multicenter MASTER Trial by the German Cancer Consortium (HIPO 021)

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001005537 Other

Study Description

The era of precision oncology entails an increasing amount of molecular data from tumor sequencing in research and diagnostics. In this setting, germline variant analysis may add clinical benefits for patients and family members. In this study, we evaluated germline variants from genome/exome matched tumor-blood sequencing in 1.485 advanced cancer patients within a prospective observational study carried out by the German Cancer Consortium. Included patients had cancers of rare entities (79.2%) or were under the age of 51 at first diagnosis (76.6%). Ten percent of the patients harbored pathogenic germline variants in 35 tumor predisposition genes with autosomal-dominant inheritance such as BRCA1, BRCA2, TP53, RB1, CHEK2, ATM, PALB2, SDHB etc., while 4.6% of the patients were carriers of pathogenic germline variants in 18 genes with autosomal-recessive inheritance of tumor predisposition. Based on pathogenic germline variants, 14% of the patients received genetic counselling recommendations in the molecular tumor board report. Forty five percent of pathogenic germline variants ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 2 datasets.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
WES/WGS sequencing data of 37 germline runs, which were uploaded to umbrella studies. The sequencing was always paired. The WGS sequencing was on HiSeq X Ten using the Illumina TruSeq DNA Nano Kit. The WES Sequencing was on HiSeq4000 with Agilent Sureselect V5+UTR.
HiSeq X Ten,Illumina HiSeq 2500,Illumina HiSeq 4000 1
The control samples (mostly blood) of 351 samples (paired WGS and WES sequencing) are in this dataset. The WGS was in nearly all cases at an Illumina HighSeq X Ten with the Illumina TruSeq Nano DNA Kit. The WES mostly on Illumina HighSeq 4000 with the Agilent SureSelect V5 plus UTRs Kit.
HiSeq X Ten,Illumina HiSeq 2500,Illumina HiSeq 4000,Illumina NovaSeq 6000 353

Who archives the data?

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