The genomic landscape of early stage ovarian high grade serous carcinoma

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001005567 Other

Study Description

To determine whether early-stage ovarian high grade serous carcinoma (HGSC) represents a distinct genomic entity, we collected samples from 43 patients with stage IA-IIA HGSC to identify potential differences in short genomic variants and copy number aberrations, and compared them to a cohort of 52 late-stage (stage IIIC-IV) cases. We found no significant differences in somatic mutations or focal copy number alterations between early-stage and late-stage cohorts. There was, however, a significant difference in both ploidy and copy number signature exposure between early and late-stage samples, with higher ploidy and signature 4 exposure in late-stage cases. Unsupervised hierarchical clustering revealed three clusters, which were prognostic. Together, our data suggest that early and late-stage HGSC share fundamental genomic features, but that late- stage disease appears distinct from early-stage, with evidence of whole genome duplication that may provide evolutionary benefit.

Study Datasets 2 datasets.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
This database contains 46 samples for early stage ovarian high grade serous carcinoma project. Amplicon sequencing on 37 tumour samples from early stage ovarian high grade serous carcinoma as well as 5 adjacent normal tissue samples and 4 whole blood samples.
Illumina HiSeq 4000 46
shallow whole genome sequencing dataset contains 44 samples. all the samples are early stage high ovarian high grade serous carcinoma.
Illumina HiSeq 4000 44

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