Germline biallelic mutation affecting the transcription factor Helios causes pleiotropic defects of immunity

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001005675 Other

Study Description

We studied a patient with recurrent respiratory infections and hypogammaglobulinemia and identified a germline homozygous missense mutation in IKZF2 encoding Helios (p.Ile325Val). We show that HeliosI325V retains DNA-binding and dimerization properties, but loses interaction with several partners, including epigenetic remodelers HDAC1, HDAC3 and the ATAC complex. Single-cell RNA-sequencing of peripheral blood mononuclear cells revealed gene expression signatures indicative of a shift towards pro-inflammatory, effector-like status in the patient’s T cells. We observed an upregulation of the anti-inflammatory gene, TSC22D3, encoding the glucocorticoid-induced leucine zipper (GILZ), whose expression was reported to increase upon IL-2 deprivation. We validated this finding in primary T cells, where we observed a pronounced reduction in IL-2 production upon their stimulation, together with a defect in their ability to proliferate, rendering them more anergic. Collectively, we identify a novel germline-encoded inborn error of immunity and define a role for Helios in ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 3 datasets.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
ATAC-seq dataset on a patient (P) presenting with defects of immunity and two (C5, C6) healthy donors. This dataset contains raw and processed files from ATAC-seq chromatin accessibility analysis. There are 3 single-read (50 bp) fastq files (1 per patient/ donor). Processed files consist of narrowPeak files (1 per patient/ donor) and one file that contains read counts in consensus peaks.
Illumina HiSeq 4000 3
RNA-seq dataset on a patient (P) presenting with defects of immunity and three healthy donors (C1, C5, C6). This dataset contains raw and processed files from RNA-seq transcriptome analysis performed according to the Smart-seq2. There are 24 single-read (50 bp) fastq files, 6 per patient/donor consisting of 2 cell types and 3 replicates per cell type. There is one count matrix file generated using featureCounts against Ensembl v98 gene models.
Illumina HiSeq 4000 24
scRNA-seq dataset on a patient (P) presenting with defects of immunity and four healthy donors (C1, C2, C3, C4). This dataset contains raw and processed files from scRNA-seq performed on samples using the 10x Genomics Chromium Controller with the Chromium Single Cell 3′ Reagent Kit (v3 chemistry). There are 15 paired-end fastq files (3 per patient/donor - I1, R1, R2) and 15 processed files generated with 10x Genomics Cell Ranger v3.0.2 software against GRCh38 human reference transcriptome ... (Show More)
Illumina HiSeq 4000 5

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