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Mult-omics Palbociclib Resistance Study in HR+/HER2– Metastatic Breast Cancer

Resistance to CDK4/6 inhibitors and endocrine therapy (ET) are common and poorly understood since they have been real game changer in patients with HR-positive and HER2-negative MBC. A comprehensive genomic and transcriptomic analysis of pre-treatment and post-treatment tumors from patients treated with palbociclib plus ET identified novel markers associated with poor prognosis such as genomic scar features caused by homologous repair deficiency (HRD), estrogen response signatures, and four unique prognostic clusters with distinct molecular features. Tumors with TP53 mutations co-occurring with a unique HRD-high cluster responded poorly. By comparing genomic and transciptomic profiles of paired samples, tumors were found to be further enriched in HRD genomic scars and many had switched to aggressive molecular subtypes. Furthermore, we identified high frequencies of acquired genomic alterations upon disease progression in RB1, ESR1, PTEN, and KMT2C. Our findings provide new insight into potential predictive biomarkers that could be targeted to overcome resistance. (NCT03401359)

Click on a Dataset ID in the table below to learn more, and to find out who to contact about access to these data

Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001008314 Illumina HiSeq 2500 228