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Genetic variability in exon 1 of the glucocorticoid receptor gene NR3C1 is associated with postoperative complications

Patients having major surgery experience inflammation post-operatively, which may contribute to post-operative morbidity. Endogenous glucocorticoids (GCs) are an essential part of the stress response, but this response varies between individuals, which may in turn affect clinical outcome in general, and post-operative inflammation, specifically. Exon 1 of the NR3C1 gene, encoding the glucocorticoid receptor, contains an established region of differential regulation. DNA methylation patterns in this region have been found to differ between individuals. We investigated the methylation status and genotype in the Cytosine-phosphate-Guanine (CpG) island in exon 1 of NR3C1 in 24 patients who underwent major abdominal surgery and correlated it with post-operative complications. DNA was extracted from peripheral blood leukocytes and underwent targeted bisulfite sequencing of the CpG island. Complications were graded according to the Clavien-Dindo classification and 14 out of 24 had post-operative complications. Multifactorial and partial least square methods were used to analyse the data. A homogenous demethylated pattern was observed in all patients and no single CpG methylation was associated with post-operative complications. Four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were significantly correlated with higher Clavien-Dindo scores. Genetic variability in the chr5:143,402,505-143,405,805 region of exon 1 of the glucocorticoid receptor gene NR3C1, but not DNA methylation, was associated with more severe post-operative complications in patients having major abdominal surgery. This indicates that the response to GCs may be of clinical importance for inflammatory conditions.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001008317 Illumina MiSeq 24
Publications Citations
Genetic variability in exon 1 of the glucocorticoid receptor gene NR3C1 is associated with postoperative complications.
Mol Med Rep 25: 2022 198